100% phosphorescence quantum efficiency of Ir(III) complexes in organic semiconductor films

Kawamura, Yuichiro; Goushi, Kenichi; Brooks, Jason; Brown, Julie J.; Sasabe, Hiroyuki; Adachi, Chihaya
February 2005
Applied Physics Letters;2/14/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 7, p071104
Academic Journal
We demonstrate that three Ir(III) complexes used as principal dopants in organic electrophosphorescent diodes have very high photoluminescence quantum efficiency (ηPL) in a solid-state film. The green emitting complex, fac-tris(2-phenylpyridinato)iridium(III) [Ir(ppy)3], the red-emitting bis[2-(2′-benzothienyl)pyridinato-N,C3′] (acetylacetonato)iridium(III) [Btp2Ir(acac)], and the blue complex bis[(4,6-difluorophenyl)pyridinato-N,C2](picolinato)iridium(III) (FIrpic) were prepared as codeposited films of varying concentration with 4,4′-bis(N-carbazolyl)-2,2′-biphenyl, a commonly used host material. The maximum ηPL values for Ir(ppy)3, Btp2Ir(acac), and FIrpic were, respectively, 97%±2% (at 1.5 mol%), 51%±1% (at 1.4 mol%), and 78%±1% (at 15 mol%). Furthermore, we also observed that the maximum ηPL of FIrpic reached 99%±1% when doped into the high triplet energy host, m-bis(N-carbazolyl)benzene, at an optimal concentration of 1.2 mol%.


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