TITLE

Hafnium oxide films by atomic layer deposition for high-κ gate dielectric applications: Analysis of the density of nanometer-thin films

AUTHOR(S)
Puurunen, Riikka L.; Delabie, Annelies; Van Elshocht, Sven; Caymax, Matty; Green, Martin L.; Brijs, Bert; Richard, Olivier; Bender, Hugo; Conard, Thierry; Hoflijk, Ilse; Vandervorst, Wilfried; Hellin, David; Vanhaeren, Danielle; Zhao, Chao; De Gendt, Stefan; Heyns, Marc
PUB. DATE
February 2005
SOURCE
Applied Physics Letters;2/14/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 7, p073116
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The density of hafnium oxide films grown by atomic layer deposition for high-κ gate dielectric applications was investigated for films with thickness in the nanometer range. The density, measured by combining the film thickness from transmission electron microscopy with the amount of hafnium deposited from Rutherford backscattering, decreased with decreasing film thickness. The dielectric constant of hafnium oxide remained constant with decreasing film thickness, however. The main reason for the decrease in the measured density seemed not to be a decrease in the inherent material density. Instead, the relative importance of interface roughness in the density measurement increased with decreasing film thickness.
ACCESSION #
16581228

 

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