Arnoldi, Carl C.; Bauer, Gunnar
February 1960
Angiology;Feb1960 Part 1, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p44
Academic Journal
The criteria of the ideal type of phlebography for clinical use are: 1. A clear view of the deep veins of the lower extremity must be uniformly obtained. 2. The direction of the blood flow in visible communicating veins must be from the deep veins towards the subcutaneous system. 3. The saphenous systems may only be visible when filled by way of a back-flow from the deep veins through incompetent valves in the communicating veins or at the saphenofemoral (popliteal) junction. 4. The veins and their valves are only one of the component parts constituting the "venous pump," and the phlebographic- study should make an evaluation of the function of this pump possible. 5. In view of the great number of patients with venous insufficiency, the technique should be adaptable to the means of even the smallest general hospital. In the opinion of the authors the intraosseous type of phlebography fulfils all these demands. The technique employed at the Mariestad Hospital is described.


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