TITLE

MARKETING CONTROL AND SALES FORCE CUSTOMER ORIENTATION

AUTHOR(S)
Schwepker Jr., Charles H.; Good, David J.
PUB. DATE
June 2004
SOURCE
Journal of Personal Selling & Sales Management;Summer2004, Vol. 24 Issue 3, p167
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This study is predicated on the premise that internal sales force control mechanisms are strategic and operational forces that directly affect the behaviors of the sales force and their accompanying orientation toward customers. Sales managers represent a very different component of the sales force than salespeople. Their motivations, interests, role, and methods of operations all represent different approaches than those embraced by their coworkers: salespeople. Yet, although sales managers operate under an outcome-based control system and can be expected, to some degree, to be motivated by self-interest (Oliver and Anderson 1994), upper management expects managers to be directed by organizational needs. However, in a results-oriented environment, the foundation of many compensation systems, sales quotas can focus sellers and managers in a direction inconsistent with customer-oriented selling (particularly if this behavior is deemed necessary to achieve quota). Based on this premise, this study examines the influence of sales managers' quotas on their response to salespeople's unethical behavior and its resulting effect on the customer orientation of the sales force. To fully explore this condition, this study also examines the role of an important formal process control, the ethical climate (e.g., rules and regulations), in influencing customer orientation. Providing important implications to sales organizations, results indicate that sales quotas can negatively affect sales force customer orientation via their effect on sales managers' responses to salespeople's selling behaviors. Interestingly, however, the company's ethical climate was found to positively influence sales force customer orientation.
ACCESSION #
16490059

 

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