TITLE

Ethics and Social Science: Which Kind of Co-operation?

AUTHOR(S)
Birnbacher, Dieter
PUB. DATE
December 1999
SOURCE
Ethical Theory & Moral Practice;Dec1999, Vol. 2 Issue 4, p319
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The relation between ethics and social science is often conceived as complementary, both disciplines cooperating in the solution of concrete moral problems. Against this, the paper argues that not only applied ethics but even certain parts of general ethics have to incorporate sociological and psychological data and theories from the start. Applied ethics depends on social science in order to asses the impact of its own principles on the concrete realities which these principles are to regulate as well as in order to propose practice rules suited to adapt these principles to their respective contexts of application. Examples from medical ethics (embryo research) and ecological ethics (Leopold‘s land ethic) illustrate both the contingence of practice rules in relation to their underlying basic principles and the corresponding need for a co-operation between philosophy and empirical disciplines in judging their functional merits and demerits. In conclusion, the relevance of empirical hypotheses even for some of the ‘perennial‘ problems of ethics is shown by clarifying the role played by empirical theories in the controversies about the ethical differentiation between positive and negative responsibility and the relation between utility maximisation and (seemingly) independent criteria of distributive justice in the context of social distributions.
ACCESSION #
16477983

 

Related Articles

  • Achieving Global and Local Justice. Walzer, Michael // Dissent (00123846);Summer2011, Vol. 58 Issue 3, p42 

    The author offers opinions on social justice and political philosophy. A need is said to exist for the development of a global concept of social justice to address the dramatic economic and social inequalities between the poorest developing countries and developed countries. Humanitarian motives...

  • Distributive Justice and Co-Operation in a World of Humans and Non-Humans: A Contractarian Argument for Drawing Non-Humans into the Sphere of Justice. Coeckelbergh, Mark // Res Publica (13564765);Feb2009, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p67 

    Various arguments have been provided for drawing non-humans such as animals and artificial agents into the sphere of moral consideration. In this paper, I argue for a shift from an ontological to a social-philosophical approach: instead of asking what an entity is, we should try to conceptually...

  • The Role of a Merit Principle in Distributive Justice. Wilson, Catherine // Journal of Ethics;2003, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p277 

    The claim that the level of well-being each enjoys ought to be to some extent a function of individuals' talents, efforts, accomplishments, and other meritorious attributes faces serious challenge from both egalitarians and libertarians, but also from skeptics, who point to the poor historical...

  • GLOBAL JUSTICE AND THE AUTHORITY OF STATES. Simon, Robert L. // Monist;Oct83, Vol. 66 Issue 4, p557 

    The article reports that if states are treated as analogues of moral persons, each state has authority not only over its own citizens but against other states as well. This focus on a morality of states has consequences which contemporary philosophers concerned with global inequalities find...

  • SOCIAL JUSTICE AND LEGAL JUSTICE. SADURSKI, WOJCIECH // Law & Philosophy;Dec1984, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p329 

    The main aim of this paper is to challenge the validity of the distinction between legal justice and social justice. It is argued that what we usually call "legal justice" is either an application of the more fundamental notion of "social justice" to legal rules and decisions or is not a matter...

  • Public Opinion and Political Philosophy: The Relation between Social-Scientific and Philosophical Analyses of Distributive Justice. Swift, Adam // Ethical Theory & Moral Practice;Dec1999, Vol. 2 Issue 4, p337 

    This paper considers the relation between philosophical discussions of, and social-scientific research into popular beliefs about, distributive justice. The first part sets out the differences and tensions between the two perspectives, identifying considerations which tend to lead adherents of...

  • El peso del deber de asistencia a pueblos foráneos frente a las exigencias de justicia doméstica. Seleme, Hugo Omar // Diánoia;nov2007, Vol. 52 Issue 59, p97 

    Adopting a conception of domestic justice committed to the redistribution of income would seem to lead to a dilemma. Regardless of whether the current institutional framework is just or not, no resources remain available to face foreign demands of justice. The Rawlsian conception of justice...

  • The Principles of the Equity and the Rightful Person's Personality in the Democratic Context. Iovan, Marţian // Academicus;2018, Issue 18, p63 

    The author analyzes and compares various meanings of the concept of equity such as they were conceived by prominent personalities of the history of the juridical, ethical and philosophical ideas in order to deduct their common contents. Having ethical and juridical connotations, the vision on...

  • Ethical Leadership and Global Citizenship: Considerations for a Just and Sustainable Future. Poff, Deborah // Journal of Business Ethics;Jun2010 Supplement 1, Vol. 93, p9 

    This article discusses issues of social and distributive justice in the context of global capitalism in the twenty-first century and the necessity of incorporating values-clarification and ethical leadership as part of the core curriculum for university graduates.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics