TITLE

Strong Association between Gallstones and Cardiovascular Disease

AUTHOR(S)
Méndez-Sánchez, Nahum; Bahena-Aponte, Jesus; Chávez-Tapia, Norberto C.; Motola-Kuba, Daniel; Sánchez-Lara, Karla; Ponciano-Radriguez, Guadalupe; Ramos, Martha H.; Uribe, Misael
PUB. DATE
April 2005
SOURCE
American Journal of Gastroenterology;Apr2005, Vol. 100 Issue 4, p827
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Obesity is closely associated with the increased morbidity and mortality of many common diseases in the Western world, including coronary heart disease (CHD) and gallstone diseases (GD). We have investigated the association between GD and CHD in a cross-sectional study.METHODS AND RESULTS: Subjects who had gallstones visible by ultrasound were considered as cases and subjects negative for gallstones were classified as controls. Positive CHD was defined when the stress test was positive. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, serum lipid concentrations, and insulin resistance were measured. The association was estimated by odds ratios using logistic regression models adjusted for confounders. Four hundred and seventy-three subjects (292 males and 181 females) were included, comprising 354 controls and 119 cases. Subjects with GD had higher prevalence of CHD (15.96%) than controls (4.52%) (p<0.0001). In univariate unconditional logistic regression analysis CHD, BMI≥ 30 kg/m2, waist circumference, high blood pressure, and HOMA-IR>2.5 were the most important risk factors for GD. In multivariate analysis (adjusted for age and gender, and BMI) the risk for GD in subjects with CHD was higher (OR 2.84, 95% CI: 1.33–6.07,p<0.007).CONCLUSIONS: Subjects with CHD have an increased risk to have GD, both diseases are strongly associated and the main characteristics of these subjects are those frequently involved as part of the metabolic syndrome.(Am J Gastroenterol 2005;100:1–4)
ACCESSION #
16433582

 

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