Sentence Comprehension in Adolescents With Down Syndrome and Typically Developing Children: Role of Sentence Voice, Visual Context, and Auditory-Verbal Short-Term Memory

Miolo, Giuliana; Chapman, Robin S.; Sindberg, Heidi A.
February 2005
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2005, Vol. 48 Issue 1, p172
Academic Journal
The authors evaluated the roles of auditory-verbal short-term memory, visual short-term memory, and group membership in predicting language comprehension, as measured by an experimental sentence comprehension task (SCT) and the Test for Auditory Comprehension of Language--Third Edition (TACL-3; E. Carrow-Woolfolk, 1999) in 38 participants: 19 with Down syndrome (DS), age 12 to 21 years, and 19 typically developing (TD) children, age 3 to 5 years, matched on syntax comprehension, as measured by TACL-3 Subtests II and III. Of the 5 dependent measures of comprehension, auditory-verbal short-term memory accounted for significant amounts of variance in 4; group membership, 1 (semantic role assignment); and visual short-term memory, 0. In the group with DS, hearing status predicted variation in Grammatical Morphemes (TACL-3 Subtest II). Using the SCT, the authors also investigated the effects of varying sentence voice and supporting visual context on sentence comprehension. SCT performance was significantly poorer in terms of (a) referent selection and semantic role assignment, for passive (vs. active) sentences in both groups, and (b) semantic role assignment in all sentences for the group with DS (vs. the TD group). Vocabulary strengths in the group with DS were found with the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test--Third Edition (L. M. Dunn & L. M. Dunn, 1997) but not the TACL-3 Vocabulary subtest.


Related Articles

  • Use of Speaker Intent and Grammatical Cues in Fast-Mapping by Adolescents With Down Syndrome. McDuffie, Andrea S.; Sindberg, Heidi A.; Hesketh, Linda J.; Chapman, Robin S. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2007, Vol. 50 Issue 6, p1546 

    Purpose: The authors asked whether adolescents with Down syndrome (DS) could fast-map novel nouns and verbs when word learning depended on using the speaker's pragmatic or syntactic cues. Compared with typically developing (TD) comparison children, the authors predicted that syntactic cues would...

  • Computer games could help improve short-term memory in children with Down syndrome.  // British Journal of School Nursing;Jun2013, Vol. 8 Issue 5, p216 

    The article discusses research done by Dr. Stephanie Bennett and colleagues on the role of computer games in improving the short-term memory and attention span of children with Down syndrome, published in the "American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities."

  • WORKING MEMORY TRAINING IN TYPICAL AND ATYPICAL DEVELOPMENT: REVISITING THE EVIDENCE. Sabou, Alexandra M.; Moldovan, Magda; Cosma, Andrada M.; Visu-Petra, Laura // Cognitie, Creier, Comportament/Cognition, Brain, Behavior;Mar2012, Vol. 16 Issue 1, p1 

    The review aims to integrate both pioneering and most recent studies attempting to enhance WM functioning in typically (children, young and older adults) and atypically developing individuals (with Down syndrome, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, or...

  • Living It Down. Schmitt, Adam // Teen Ink;Jan2009, Vol. 20 Issue 5, p28 

    The author describes how difficult life is for people inflicted with Down syndrome.

  • Short-Term Memory Deficits Are Not Uniform in Down and Williams Syndromes. Vicari, Stefano; Carlesimo, Giovanni Augusto // Neuropsychology Review;Jun2006, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p87 

    Neuropsychological investigation of the development of the mnesic function in mental retardation has primarily focused on evaluating short-term memory (STM). Studies have often documented a reduced verbal short-term memory span in individuals with mental retardation and with Down syndrome in...

  • Relationship Between Brain and Cognitive Processes in Down Syndrome. Menghini, Deny; Costanzo, Floriana; Vicari, Stefano // Behavior Genetics;May2011, Vol. 41 Issue 3, p381 

    We investigated regional grey matter (GM) density in adolescents with Down syndrome (DS) compared to age-matched controls and correlated MRI data with neuropsychological measures in the DS group. Inter-group comparisons documented several GM concentration abnormalities in the participants with...

  • Longitudinal study of thyroid function in Down's syndrome in the first two decades. Gibson, P. A.; Newton, R. W.; Selby, K.; Price, D. A.; Leylancl, K.; Addison, M. // Archives of Disease in Childhood;Jun2005, Vol. 90 Issue 6, p574 

    Aims and Methods: Thyroid function tests were initially carried out on 122 children with Down's syndrome aged 6-14 years and then repeated four to six years later in 103 adolescents (85% of the group of 122) when they were aged 10-20 years (median 14.4 years). At the second test two were...

  • The Impact of Verbal and Nonverbal Development on Executive Function in Down Syndrome and Williams Syndrome. Landry, Oriane; Russo, Natalie; Dawkins, Tammy; Zelazo, Philip D.; Burack, Jacob A. // Journal on Developmental Disabilities;2012, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p26 

    Using Vygotsky's verbal mediation framework, we hypothesised that verbal development would be more strongly associated with executive function than non-verbal development in populations with developmental disabilities with distinct verbal/non-verbal profiles. We used correlational analyses to...

  • Computerized Memory Training Leads to Sustained Improvement in Visuospatial Short-Term Memory Skills in Children with Down Syndrome. Bennett, Stephanie J.; Holmes, Joni; Buckley, Sue // American Journal on Intellectual & Developmental Disabilities;May2013, Vol. 118 Issue 3, p179 

    This study evaluated the impact of a computerized visuospatial memory training intervention on the memory and behavioral skills of children with Down syndrome. Teaching assistants were trained to support the delivery of a computerized intervention program to individual children over a 10-16 week...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics