TITLE

BRANCHIAL ARTERITIS OR AORTIC ARCH ARTERITIS. A NEW INFLAMMATORY ARTERIAL DISEASE (PULSELESS DISEASE)

AUTHOR(S)
Koszewski, Bohdan J.
PUB. DATE
June 1958
SOURCE
Angiology;Jun1958, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p180
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Clinical picture, diagnostic features and pathologic findings of the new inflammatory arterial disorder called "branchial arteritis" or "aortic arch arteritis" are discussed. The condition is found in young people, mostly women, and is confined to the big elastic arteries arising from the aortic arch. The primary lesion consists of an acute neutrophilic periarteritis progressing to panarteritis and causing intraarterial thrombosis. Later stages are characterized by fibroblastic hypertrophy of adventitia and media with lymphocytic and plasmacellular infiltration. The arteritis builds an integral part of the conditions called "pulseless disease" or "aortic arch syndrome." However, the characteristic vascular, cardiac, trophic, cerebral, ocular and general symptoms permit its differentiation from other inflammatory and degenerative arterial diseases which occasionally may lead to occlusion of supraaortic branches. The cause of the disease is unknown. No effective treatment is available although the preliminary results with combined steroid and anticoagulant therapy are encouraging.
ACCESSION #
16394581

 

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