TITLE

β-Blockade Therapy for Supraventricular Tachyarrhythmias After Coronary Surgery: A Propranolol Withdrawal Syndrome?

AUTHOR(S)
Salazar, Carlos; Frishman, William; Friedman, Steven; Lin, Yen Tse; Oka, Yasu; Frater, Robert W. M.; Becker, Ronald M.
PUB. DATE
December 1979
SOURCE
Angiology;Dec1979, Vol. 30 Issue 12, p816
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A high incidence of cardiac arrhythmias and hypertension has been noted after coronary artery bypass surgery in patients previously treated with oral propranolol. Forty-two patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery had propranolol withdrawn 10 hours before surgery and were randomized into a group treated with propranolol immediately postoperatively, and a nontreatment group. Patients treated with prophylactic propranolol had a significantly lower incidence of postoperative supraventricular arrhythmias compared to patients who received no prophylaxis. All the arrhythmias responded rapidly to 1 mg of intravenous propranolol therapy, whether it was used as a primary treatment or as a supplement to prophylactic propranolol. The findings suggest that (1) there is a high incidence of supraventricular arrhythmias and sinus tachycardia after coronary artery bypass which might reflect an abrupt propranolol withdrawal, and (2) that perioperative prophylactic or supplementary propranolol therapy will successfully prevent or treat most of these arrhythmias.
ACCESSION #
16390704

 

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