Khan, A. Haye; O'Reilly, C. J.; Avakian, V. A.; Lucina, P. A.
October 1977
Angiology;Oct1977, Vol. 28 Issue 10, p725
Academic Journal
Acute and/or recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding due to ruptured gastric varices from an isolated thrombosed splenic vein is a distinct entity. Incidence of this syndrome is probably less than 1%. Typical clinical features of this syndrome include evidence of splenic hypertension without liver disease and no demonstrable cause of gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Diagnosis can easily be missed unless the surgeon is familiar with this syndrome. Typical findings at the time of surgery are an enlarged spleen, varicose veins usually involving the upper third of the stomach, and pancreatic and peripancreatic inflammation. Portal vein and portal pressure will be normal. Meso-portography is a convenient and safe procedure and will lend support to suspicion when a retrograde nonfilling of the spleen vein is present. Splenectomy offers the expectation of a long-range cure. A representative case of a 39-year-old man is discussed. He had at least six episodes of gastric bleeding in less than 3 years. At a previous laparotomy, the cause of bleeding could not be determined. A splenectomy in December 1970 has been able to control the gastric bleeding since then.


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