Exercise Intervention Designed to Improve Strength and Dynamic Balance Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults

DiBrezzo, Ro; Shadden, Barbara B.; Raybon, Blake H.; Powers, Melissa
April 2005
Journal of Aging & Physical Activity;Apr2005, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p198
Academic Journal
Loss of balance and falling are critical concerns for older adults. Physical activity can improve balance and decrease the risk of falling. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a simple, low-cost exercise program for community-dwelling older adults. Sixteen senior adults were evaluated using the Senior Fitness Test for measures of functional strength, aerobic endurance, dynamic balance and agility, and flexibility. In addition, measures of height, weight, resting blood pressure, blood lipids, and cognitive function were obtained. Participants then attended a 10-week exercise class including stretching, strengthening, and balance-training exercises. At the completion of the program, significant improvements were observed in tests measuring dynamic balance and agility, lower and upper extremity strength, and upper extremity flexibility. The results indicate that exercise programs such as this are an effective, low-cost solution to improving health and factors that affect falling risk among older adults.


Related Articles

  • Effects of Chandra-Nadi Pranayama on metabolic fitness and bone integrity. Bal, Baljinder Singh // Sports Medicine Journal / Medicina Sportivâ;2015, Vol. 11 Issue 3, p2621 

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Chandra-Nadi Pranayama on metabolic fitness (MetF) and bone integrity. Thirty eight, university level girls, aged between 21-26 years were selected. The subjects were purposively assigned into two groups: Group-A, Experimental (n 1...

  • Accumulated versus Continuous Exercise for Health Benefit. Murphy, Marie H.; Blair, Steven N.; Murtagh, Elaine M. // Sports Medicine;2009, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p29 

    Current physical activity guidelines endorse the notion that the recommended amount of daily physical activity can be accumulated in short bouts performed over the course of a day. Although intuitively appealing, the evidence for the efficacy of accumulated exercise is not plentiful. The purpose...

  • Selected atherosclerosis risk factors in youth aged 13-15 years. Michalska, Agnieszka; Bylina, Dorota; Czeczuk, Anna; Sołtan, Jarosław; Wiciński, Michał; Grześk, Elżbieta; Malinowski, Bartosz // Advances in Hygiene & Experimental Medicine / Postepy Higieny i ;2012, Vol. 66, p647 

    Introduction: The high frequency of cases of circulatory system conditions in Europe and other countries around the world requires scientific research to define risk factors of early atherosclerotic changes. The aim of the present study was to define which students are at danger of developing...

  • Half an hour of exercise not enough for children.  // Active Living;Sep2006, Vol. 15 Issue 5, p30 

    The article focuses on a cross-sectional study on the link between physical activity and markers of the metabolic syndrome in children aged 9 and 15 years. The study found that least active children have higher risk factor score calculated from their blood pressure, plasma lipid profiles and...

  • Associations between Acute and Chronic Effects of Exercise on Indicators of Metabolic Health: A Pilot Training Trial. Hecksteden, Anne; Grütters, Teresa; Meyer, Tim // PLoS ONE;Nov2013, Vol. 8 Issue 11, p1 

    Background:The interindividual variability in the health-related efficacy of regular endurance training is high. This impedes on the individual optimization of preventive training prescriptions when optimal efficacy is intended. As a consequence, health-gains remain below what could be achieved....

  • EDUCAÇÃO FÍSICA ADAPTADA INCLUSIVA: IMPACTO NA APTIDÃO FÍSICA DE PESSOAS COM DEFICIÊNCIA INTELECTUAL. Mauerberg-deCastro, Eliane; Tavares, Carolina Paioli; Panhan, Ana Carolina; Parsaneze Iasi, Thayná Cristina; Figueiredo, Gabriella Andreeta; de Castro, Marcela Rodrigues; Braga, Gabriella Ferreira; de Souza Paiva, Ana Clara // Revista Ciência em Extensão;2013, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p35 

    The purpose of this study was to examine the usefulness of adapted physical activity inclusive program, via a longitudinal assessment of physical fitness parameters of participants with intellectual disability using the maximum participation and non-sedentary activities principles for improving...

  • Longitudinal change in coronary heart disease risk factors in older runners. Schroeder, R. Todd; Hawkins, Steven A.; Hyslop, Dan; Vallejo, Alberto F.; Jensky, Nicole E.; Wiswell, Robert A. // Age & Ageing;Jan2007, Vol. 36 Issue 1, p57 

    Background: it is currently not clear how coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors change over time in chronic exercisers. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to describe the longitudinal change in CHD risk factors in chronically endurance-trained men and women, and to determine the...

  • Muscle coordination during rapid force production by young and older adults. Barry, Benjamin K.; Riek, Stephan; Carson, Richard G. // Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences & Medical ;Feb2005, Vol. 60 Issue 2, p232 

    Background: Older adults typically exhibit dramatic reductions in the rate of force development and deficits in the execution of rapid coordinated movements. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the association between the reduced rate of force development exhibited...

  • Plasma Lipid Responses to Exercise Training.  // Pediatric Exercise Science;Aug2004, Vol. 16 Issue 3, p296 

    The article discusses alterations of plasma lipids in response to aerobic training in children. It has been suggested, however, that this failure to alter lipid profile in youth might reflect an inadequate volume of training. Scientist examined this question by measuring serum lipids in two...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics