TITLE

EVALUATION OF VASCULAR RESPONSES TO CIGARETTE SMOKING

AUTHOR(S)
REdisch, Walter
PUB. DATE
April 1968
SOURCE
Angiology;Apr1968, Vol. 19 Issue 4, p232
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The following conclusions seem justified. (1) There is a constant relationship between skin and muscle perfusion in vascular responses to smoking in the lower extremity. An increase in one is accompanied by a decrease in the other and vice versa. This is also true for older individuals with obliterative arterial disease. (2) Changes in relationship between skin/muscle perfusion depend quantitatively and qualitatively on environmental temperature. At neutral temperatures (22.5-23.5�C) vascular responses to cigarette smoking are quantitatively at their lowest. The neutral temperature range, 22.5 to 23.5�C, represents the turning point in vascular responses. Skin perfusion which is decreased at 20.0�C following cigarette smoking shows an increase in response to cigarette smoking at 25.0� C. Muscle perfusion, which is increased in response to cigarette smoking at 20.0�C, is decreased at 25.0�C, in response to the same stimulus. (3) Microcirculatory changes in responses to tobacco smoking consist in increased vasomotion. (4) Ophthalmic artery pulsensor studies do not seem to be of value in assessing the response to smoking. (5) Skin sensitivity reaction to tobacco extracts may be dependent to a very large extent on preparation and composition of the extract.
ACCESSION #
16378270

 

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