Cachovan, Milan; Linhart, Jiŕí; Prerovsky, Ivo
May 1968
Angiology;May1968, Vol. 19 Issue 5, p276
Academic Journal
A new method of segmental pulse wave velocity (SPWV) measurement is described. The method enables the determination of the velocity of pulse wave propagation by means of an electrical impedance plethysmograph in three segments of the lower limb: in the thigh (segment I ) , in the middle part of the limb (segment I I ) , and in the calf (segment III). SPWV values at rest wore 9.76 ± 1.01 m/sec. (segment I ); 9.74 ± 1.19 m/sec. (segment I I ); and 9.19 ± 1.28 m/sec. (segment III). No correlation was? found between the resting values of mean blood pressure and SPWV. During the pressure responses (cold pressure test, 60° head-up tilting test) the SPWV values significantly rose, the rise depending quantitatively on the increase of mean blood pressure. SPWV does not manifest any significant changes in the course of reactive hyperaemia (RH) after a 3-min. occlusion in comparison with the values before RH. A close application of the occlusive cuff to the thigh before the RH test reduces significantly SPWV in comparison with the resting values without the cuff being applied. Body heating docs not change the values of SPWV. The level of blood pressure is a decisive factor for determination of SPWV under steady state of measurement. The values of SPWV follow the values of casual or basal blood pressure. The significance and contribution of SPWV method for the clinical evaluation of arterial elasticity are briefly discussed.


Related Articles

  • Periodontal disease and atherosclerosis from the viewpoint of the relationship between community periodontal index of treatment needs and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity. Miyaki, Koichi; Masaki, Katsunori; Naito, Mariko; Naito, Toru; Hoshi, Keika; Hara, Asako; Tohyama, Shugo; Nakayama, Takeo // BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p131 

    Background: It has been suggested that periodontal disease may be an independent risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. However, the relationship between periodontal disease and atherosclerosis has not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to assess the effects of periodontal...

  • Differences in inter-arm BP linked to premature death. Robinson, Stephen // GP: General Practitioner;3/28/2012, p09 

    The article discusses a study by Christopher Clark, of the Mid Devon Medical Practice in Witheridge, England, which found that patients who exhibit large differences in blood pressure (BP) readings between arms are at nearly four times greater risk of premature death. According to the study,...

  • Age-related changes in peripheral pulse timing characteristics at the ears, fingers and toes. Allen, J; Murray, A // Journal of Human Hypertension;Oct2002, Vol. 16 Issue 10, p711 

    It is accepted that older subjects have increasing arterial stiffness, which results in increasingly faster pulse transmission to the periphery. However, this age association is less clear in younger subjects and for different peripheral measurement sites. The aims of this study were to...

  • Assessment of drug effects on blood pressure and pulse pressure using clinic, home and ambulatory measurements. Stergiou, GS; Efstathiou, SP; Skeva, II; Baibas, NM; Kalkana, CB; Mountokalakis, TD // Journal of Human Hypertension;Oct2002, Vol. 16 Issue 10, p729 

    This study investigated the differences in the effect of an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) compared with an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) on blood pressure (BP) and pulse pressure (PP) measured in the clinic (CBP and CPP, respectively), at home (HBP, HPP) and with ambulatory...

  • GIMME A BEAT. Belanger, Steve; Phillips, William G. // Popular Science;Oct2001, Vol. 259 Issue 4, p83 

    Evaluates the Omron-630, a watch-like device designed to measure blood pressure and pulse rate. Information on how the device works; Accuracy of the device.

  • Pulse pressure is an important correlate of mortality.  // Kidney;Sep/Oct2002, Vol. 11 Issue 5, p211 

    Presents the summary of the study 'Association Between Pulse Pressure and Mortality in Patients Undergoing Maintenance Hemodialysis,' by P.S. Klassen, E.C. Lowrie, D.N. Reddan et al., from a 2002 issue of the 'Journal of American Medical Association.'

  • Pulse Pressure, Blood Flow, and Atherosclerosis. Jankowski, Piotr; Czarnecka, Danuta // American Journal of Hypertension;Oct2012, Vol. 25 Issue 10, p1040 

    The authors discuss the important role of cyclic changes of blood pressure (BP) on the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and acute coronary syndromes. They mention a study by G. Khoueiry and colleagues on the relation among BP, arterial stiffness, and atherosclerosis. They explain that aortic...

  • Bilateral Transit Time Assessment of Upper and Lower Limbs as a Surrogate Ankle Brachial Index Marker. Foo, Jong Yong Abdiel // Angiology;Jun/Jul2008, Vol. 59 Issue 3, p283 

    Ankle brachial index is useful in monitoring the pathogenesis of peripheral arterial occlusive diseases. Sphygmomanometer is the standard instrument widely used but frequent prolonged monitoring can be less comfortable for patients. Pulse transit time is known to be inversely conelated with...

  • Well-Limb Compartment Syndrome After Prolonged Lateral Decubitus Positioning. Cascio, Brett M.; Buchowski, Jacob M.; Frassica, Frank J. // Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, American Volume;Sep2004, Vol. 86 Issue 9, p2038 

    The article presents two case reports of compartment syndrome that were associated with prolonged intraoperative lateral decubitus positioning, one of which involved the leg and one of which involved the thigh. Because the lateral decubitus position may result in a lower-extremity compartment...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics