TITLE

Massive Pulmonary Embolism: Short-Term Effects of Thrombolytic Treatment

AUTHOR(S)
Grau, E.; Fontcuberta, J.; Pagé, M. A.; Martinez, R.; Félez, J.; Net, A.; Rutllant, M. LI.
PUB. DATE
November 1986
SOURCE
Angiology;Nov1986, Vol. 37 Issue 11, p832
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This study assessed the short-term effects of thrombolytic treatment in 38 patients with massive pulmonary embolism. Thirty-two were treated with streptokinase and six with urokinase. Intrapulmonary artery instillation of fibrinolytic agents was utilized except in 3 patients. There was a marked hemodynamic and arteriographic improvement (p< 0.0005) in 33 patients (86.8%). Four patients (10.5%) died because of treatment failure. In these cases the fibrinogen concentration remained above 1 gr/liter during therapy. Bleeding was detected in 22 patients (57.8%) but was most often related to puncture or cut-down sites, and only 2 patients (5.2%) had major bleeding. One patient (2.6%) had cerebral hemorrhage. It is concluded that "classic" thrombolytic treatment is to be chosen in life-threatening pulmonary embolism. However, the difficulties sometimes encountered in producing an intense lytic effect and its low fibrinolytic specificity for the thrombus do not permit the obtainment of better results.
ACCESSION #
16365818

 

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