Nonionic Contrast Medium: Effects on Blood Coagulation and Complement Activation In Vitro

Parvez, Zaheer; Moncada, Rogelio
May 1986
Angiology;May1986, Vol. 37 Issue 5, p358
Academic Journal
A nonionic contrast medium was evaluated in vitro for its effects on coagulation and complement activation in comparison to a low osmolal contrast agent. In clotting assays each contrast medium was mixed with blood and clotting parameters were analyzed by using a thromboelastographic machine. Platelet function was studied by incubating platelet-rich plasma with individual contrast medium, and the subsequent challenge of a platelet aggregating agent. Complement activation was assessed by the hydrolysis of C3 protein into C3C fragment in contrast medium-incubated serum. Immunoelectrophoresis was used to detect C3C protein. Both the nonionic contrast medium and the low osmolal contrast agent acted as anticoagulant and antiplatelet agents, however, results with the low osmolal contrast agent were more pronounced compared to the nonionic contrast medium. Even at nonphysiologic concentration of contrast medium, no significant conversion at C3 to C3C was seen. Since these two agents caused hypocoagulable states in vitro, it is likely that patients with thrombocytopenia, severe liver disease and with clotting factor deficiencies may present hemostatic complications during angiographic procedures.


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