Aortic Ejection Fraction: A New Hemodynamic Parameter and Its Relationship to Aortic Insufficiency

Siegel, Michael E.; Chen, David C. P.; Kantor, Jason; Colletti, Patrick; Lee, Kai; McKay, Charles; Rahimtoola, Shabudin H.
September 1987
Angiology;Sep1987, Vol. 38 Issue 9, p680
Academic Journal
Pulsations of the ascending aorta during fluoroscopy in patients with aortic insufficiency (AI) have been described. The authors present their observations of a similar phenomenon in patients who have AI undergoing scintiangiography. In addition, this paper describes a technique to validate and quantitate this finding. They studied 17 patients with documented AI and 14 subjects of a control group. First-pass studies were acquired in the RAO 15° projection. Regions of interest were placed over the proximal aorta during systole and diastole. An aortic ejection fraction (AF) was determined. The calculated AEF data were correlated with the presence or absence of AI. The mean AEF from the 17 AI patients was 27.1 ± 7.2%, while the mean for the non-AI group was 12.0 ± 6.5% with p < .001. An AEF of 18% separates the two groups with a sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 88%, 86%, and 87% respectively. Preliminary data demonstrate a mean reduction in AEF of 12.2 percentage points in 7 AI patients who underwent aortic valve replacement. The AEF may be a useful new parameter to evaluate hemodynamic changes associated with aortic valve replacement in patients with aortic insufficiency.


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