Transient Encephalopathy Related to Rapidly and Markedly Elevated Blood Pressure in Acute Stage of Hypertensive Cerebral Hemorrhage-- Relationship to Hypertensive Encephalopathy-- A Case Report

Shiokawa, Osamu; Lau, Alan H. C.; Sadoshima, Seizo; Fujishima, Masatoshi
November 1988
Angiology;Nov1988, Vol. 39 Issue 11, p996
Academic Journal
A seventy-two-year-old man with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage acutely developed severe headache, nausea, vomiting, agitation, and disorientation with abrupt rise in blood pressure on the sixth day after the onset. At that time, there were no remarkable changes in focal neurologic deficits, and repeated brain CT scans revealed a small hematoma located in the right basal ganglia without further enlargement or herniation. Blood chemistry and arterial gas analysis were within the normal ranges except for a slight rise in blood urea nitrogen. Similar episodes occurred three times within two days, and each time the cerebral symptoms disappeared in accordance with lowering of blood pressure by antihypertensive therapy. Complication of hypertensive encephalopathy was strongly suggested. The authors discuss the pathophysiology of this encephalopathy in relation to cerebral hemorrhage.


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