Transmission electron microscopy and electron energy-loss spectroscopy analysis of manganese oxide nanowires

Du, G. H.; Yuan, Z. Y.; Van Tendeloo, G.
February 2005
Applied Physics Letters;2/7/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 6, p063113
Academic Journal
Single-crystalline MnOOH and Mn3O4 nanowires have been prepared by hydrothermal treatment of commercial bulky manganese oxide particles. β-MnO2 and α-Mn2O3 nanowires were prepared by calcination of MnOOH nanowires. Transmission electron microscopy analysis demonstrates that MnOOH nanowires grow directly from MnO2 raw particles. The diameter of the nanowires is 20–70 nm, while the length can reach several micrometers. MnOOH nanowires grow preferentially along the [010] direction and Mn3O4 nanowires prefer to grow along the [001] direction; the long dimension of both β-MnO2 and α-Mn2O3 nanowires is along [001]. Electron energy-loss spectroscopy analysis shows that the position of the prepeak of the oxygen K edge shifts to higher energy and the energy separation between the two main peaks of the oxygen K edge decreases with decreasing manganese oxidation state. The manganese-white-line ratios (L3/L2) were calculated.


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