Variable pressure-temperature neutron diffraction of wüstite (Fe1-xO): Absence of long-range magnetic order to 20 GPa

Yang Ding; Jian Xu; Prewitt, Charles T.; Hemley, Russell J.; Ho-kwang Mao; Cowan, John A.; Jianzhong Zhang; Jiang Qian; Vogel, Sven C.; Lokshin, Konstantin; Yusheng Zhao
January 2005
Applied Physics Letters;1/31/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 5, p052505
Academic Journal
Neutron diffraction measurements have been performed on polycrystalline Fe1-xO (wüstite) up to 20.3 GPa using a large-volume moissanite anvil cell at room temperature to examine the existence of long-range magnetic ordering in the high-pressure rhombohedral phase of the material. This investigation is crucial for understanding the nature of high-pressure phase transitions in Fe1-xO. Low temperature ambient pressure neutron diffraction measurements on the same sample were also conducted at 190, 180, and 85 K to compare with the high-pressure results. Magnetic peaks are expected to be observed under pressure similar to those at 180 K at ambient pressure. However, no magnetic peaks were evident in the high-pressure diffraction patterns (to 20.3 GPa at 300 K). The absence of magnetic peaks indicates the absence of long-range magnetic order in Fe1-xO under these conditions. This result indicates the need to reconsider the interpretation of high-pressure Mössbauer studies and the mechanism of the high-pressure phase transitions in Fe1-xO.


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