Real-time monitoring and process control in amorphous/crystalline silicon heterojunction solar cells by spectroscopic ellipsometry and infrared spectroscopy

Fujiwara, Hiroyuki; Kondo, Michio
January 2005
Applied Physics Letters;1/17/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 3, p032112
Academic Journal
In amorphous/crystalline silicon heterojunction solar cells, we have performed real-time thickness control of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) layers with a precision better than ±1 Å by applying spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE). A heterojunction solar cell fabricated by this process shows a relatively high conversion efficiency of 14.5%. At the amorphous/crystalline interface, however, infrared attenuated total reflection spectroscopy (ATR) revealed the formation of a porous a-Si:H layer with a large SiH2-hydrogen content of 27 at. %. Based on SE and ATR results, we discuss the growth processes and structures of a-Si:H in heterojunction solar cells.


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