TITLE

Does the Use of a Flap During Abdominoperineal Resection Decrease Pelvic Wound Morbidity?

AUTHOR(S)
Kapoor, Vishal; Cole, Jana; Isik, F. Frank; Sinanan, Mika; Flum, David
PUB. DATE
February 2005
SOURCE
American Surgeon;Feb2005, Vol. 71 Issue 2, p117
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
We hypothesized that the use of muscle flaps, known as tissue transfer (TT), at the time of abdominoperineal resection (APR) reduces perineal wound complications. A restrospective review of patients undergoing an APR at the University of Washington (1984-2003) was conducted. Perineal wound complications and eventual wound healing were compared in patients with and without TT. Ninety-two patients (mean age, 56.6 years) underwent APR; 23.9 per cent (n = 22) had concurrent TT. Patients undergoing TT were more likely to have cancer (91% vs. 77%, P = 0.05) and radiation therapy (86% vs. 52%, P < 0.01). Operative times were nearly 2 hours longer in patients having TT (7.4 hours ± 2.5 hours vs. 5.6 hours ± 1.8 hours, P = 0.03), but lengths of stay were similar (13 ± 5.9 days vs. 12 ± 7.6 days, P = 0.5). Patients undergoing TT had a higher rate of all wound-healing complications (59% vs. 40%, P = 0.1) and major wound-healing complications (32% vs. 26%, P = 0.6). However, these differences were not statistically significant. No differences in major complications were identified in patients with and without preoperative radiation therapy (26% vs. 28%, P = 0.8). Fifteen per cent (n = 14) of all patients failed to heal wounds at 6 months, but only 9 per cent (n = 2) of patients undergoing TT failed to heal their wounds at 6 months compared with 17 per cent (n = 12) in the non-TT group (P = 0.3). After controlling for important covariates, patients undergoing TT during an APR did not have a significantly lower rate of wound complications. The impact of TT on wound healing in patients with recurrent cancer and preoperative radiation therapy is suggestive of a benefit but requires prospective investigation.
ACCESSION #
16338892

 

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