Investigation of the recovery of selenomethionine from selenized yeast by two-dimensional LC-ICP MS

Polatajko, Aleksandra; Banás, Barbara; Encinar, Jorge Ruiz; Szpunar, Joanna
February 2005
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Feb2005, Vol. 381 Issue 4, p844
Academic Journal
Determination of selenomethionine in selenized yeast by HPLC-ICP MS has been revisited with the focus on recovery of this amino acid during the proteolytic digestion and chromatography steps. Recovery of the extracted selenium from an anion-exchange column was 100% but selenomethionine quantified by the method of standard additions accounted only for 67% of the selenium injected. Analysis (by size-exclusion LC-ICP MS) of the eluate collected before and after the selenomethionine peak showed the presence of oxidized selenomethionine (ca. 3%) and selenomethionine likely to be unspecifically associated with the biological matrix continuum (ca. 11%). This finding was validated by two-dimensional LC-ICP MS using a different elution order, i.e. size-exclusion anion-exchange. The approach developed enabled demonstration that more than 80% of selenium in the selenized yeast is actually present in the form of selenomethionine and suggests that many results reported elsewhere for the concentration of this vital amino acid in selenized yeast may be negatively biased. The research also provided insight into speciation of selenium in the solid residue after proteolytic extraction but the additional amount of selenomethionine recovered was negligible (<1.5%).


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