Effectiveness of a home-based balance-training program in reducing sports-related injuries among healthy adolescents: a cluster randomized controlled trial

Emery, Carolyn A.; Cassidy, J. David; Klassen, Terry P.; Rosychuk, Rhonda J.; Rowe, Brian H.
March 2005
CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;3/15/2005, Vol. 172 Issue 6, p749
Academic Journal
Background: Sport is the leading cause of injury requiring medical attention among adolescents. We studied the effectiveness of a home-based balance-training program using a wobble board in improving static and dynamic balance and reducing sports-related injuries among healthy adolescents. Methods: In this cluster randomized controlled trial, we randomly selected 10 of 15 high schools in Calgary to participate in the fall of 2001. We then recruited students from physical education classes and randomly assigned them, by school, to either the intervention (n = 66) or the control (n = 61) group. Students in the intervention group participated in a daily 6-week and then a weekly 6-month home-based balance-training program using a wobble board. Students at the control schools received testing only. The primary outcome measures were timed static and dynamic balance, 20-m shuttle run and vertical jump, which were measured at baseline and biweekly for 6 weeks. Self-reported injury data were collected over the 6-month follow-up period. Results: At 6 weeks, improvements in static and dynamic balance were observed in the intervention group but not in the control group (difference in static balance 20.7 seconds, 95% confidence interval [CI] 10.8 to 30.6 seconds; difference in dynamic balance 2.3 seconds, 95% CI 0.7 to 4.0 seconds). There was evidence of a protective effect of balance training in over 6 months (relative risk of injury 0.2, 95% CI 0.05 to 0.88). The number needed to treat to avoid 1 injury over 6 months was 8 (95% CI 4 to 35). Interpretation: Balance training using a wobble board is effective in improving static and dynamic balance and reducing sports-related injuries among healthy adolescents.


Related Articles

  • Youth Strength Training. Gardner, P.J.; Fees, Martin A. // Athletic Therapy Today;Jan2003, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p42 

    Focuses on the aspects of physical training for young people. Viability of strength training to reduce sports-related injuries; Requirements for youth strength training; Frequency and duration of youth strength exercise.

  • Preventing sports injuries.  // Contemporary Pediatrics;Sept2003, Vol. 20 Issue 9, p121 

    Presents a guide on preventing sports injuries. Advice on the training load of athletes; Benefits of participating in a variety of physical activities; Purposes of warm ups and cool downs; Nutrition tips for athletes.

  • Athletic Training Students' Perceptions During Special Olympics Competitions. Davis, Ronald W.; Ferrara, Michael S.; Woodward, Rebecca J.; Campbell, Amanda // Athletic Therapy Today;Jan2004, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p55 

    Describes the perceptions of athletic training students on the care and prevention of athletic injuries. Provision of care to Special Olympic athletes; Treatment profile of the athletes; Importance of communication in sports.

  • KEEPING STUDENTS SAFE.  // American Fitness;Jan/Feb2010, Vol. 28 Issue 1, p9 

    The article presents tips for avoiding student injuries during gym classes. Dr. Eric Plasker recommends students to drink plenty of water before gym class starts, stating that water and not sodas or energy drinks could help prevent muscle cramps. He also counsels them to pay attention to their...

  • Insoles, External Joint Supports, and Multi-Intervention Training Programs Reduce Sports Injuries. Aaltonen, S.; Karjalainen, H.; Heinonen, A.; Parkkari, J.; Kujala, U. M. // Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, American Volume;Feb2008, Vol. 90-A Issue 2, p449 

    The article presents evidence on the effectiveness of interventions for sports-related injuries. The use of insoles, external joint supports, and multi-intervention training programs can reduce sports injuries. Stretching and warm-up programs and modified footwear did not reduce injuries. The...

  • Test-Retest Reliability of Three Dynamic Tests Obtained From Active Females Using the Neurocom Balance Master. Naylor, Mary E.; Romani, William A. // Journal of Sport Rehabilitation;Nov2006, Vol. 15 Issue 4, p326 

    Context: There is a growing need for objective measures of proprioception and balance in athletic females. Objective: To determine the intertester and intratester reliability of the Neurocom Balance Master (NBM) forward lunge (FL), step up and over (SUO), and step quick turn (SQT) tests on a...

  • DOES STRETCHING PAY OFF? Geiger, Bill // Joe Weider's Muscle & Fitness;Sep2006, Vol. 67 Issue 9, p70 

    This article provides an analysis of muscle stretching prior to weight training workouts. The author notes that muscle stretching prior to weight training can not only improve muscle flexibility, but stretching can also prevent against muscle injuries. Stretching after a weight training workout...

  • Health tips.  // Mayo Clinic Health Letter;Jan2009, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p3 

    The article offers tips on how to get the most out of stretching the muscles. Stretch warmed-up muscles because stretching muscles that are cold increases the risk of injury, including pulled muscles. Save time by holding the stretches because it takes time to lengthen tissues safely. Ease into...

  • Dean Robinson. Robinson, Dean // Journal of Australian Strength & Conditioning;Jun2008, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p23 

    In this article, the author discusses a goal to reduce injuries in team running sports. The author explains the importance of a strong background in assessing the needs and overall training load required for each individual athlete. He also compares the types and loads that individuals undertake...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics