Splenic Pseudocyst Associated with Hypersplenism

Janin, Yves; Strauss, Richard; Katz, Seymour; Platt, Norbert; Katzka, Irwin; Wise, Leslie
April 1981
American Journal of Gastroenterology;Apr1981, Vol. 75 Issue 4, p289
Academic Journal
A patient with hypersplenism, who was found to have a splenic pseudocyst containing an organized hematoma. is described. There are only two patients with splenic pseudocyst and hypersplenism and an additional two patients with splenic cysts and hypersplenism reported in the world literature. The hypersplenism associated with splenic cysts and pseudocysts is explained on the basis of an expansion of the plasma volume and the total blood volume, an increased destruction of red blood cells and a pooling of blood in the enlarged spleen. The combined use of ultrasonography and computerized tomography has increased the accuracy of noninvasive diagnosis and made more invasive examinations unnecessary. When the ultrasound is technically unsuccessful or when it shows a mixed echo pattern, one should resort to computerized tomography with which it is possible, almost invariably, to differentiate between cysts and neoplasms.


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