Rapid Critical Appraisal of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs): An Essential Skill for Evidence-Based Practice (EBP)

Melnyk, Bernadette Mazurek; Fineout-Overholt, Ellen
January 2005
Pediatric Nursing;Jan/Feb2005, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p50
Academic Journal
The article presents a rapid critical appraisal of randomized controlled trials. It studies critical appraisal of research studies is the third step in evidence-based practice, following step one, "Asking clinical questions in PICO (i.e., population, intervention or interest area; comparison intervention or group, and outcome of interest) format," and step two, "Searching for evidence to answer the questions." Once research is found to answer a burning PICO clinical question, the clinician must be able to rapidly appraise studies in order to determine their validity and applicability to clinical practice. For years, research courses in many educational curriculums have taught critiquing studies as a very detailed, time consuming process.


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