TITLE

Concept and validation of a novel approach for producing large batches of reference material of ambient aerosols on filters

AUTHOR(S)
Wittmaack, K.
PUB. DATE
February 2005
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Feb2005, Vol. 381 Issue 3, p702
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A novel method for preparing reference material of aerosol particulate matter (PM) on filters was developed by using the concept of very high volume, multiport sampling, and this was subsequently applied to produce more than 300 well-characterised units. The dedicated sampler built for this purpose features a 0.94-m-diameter, vacuum-tight main chamber with a total of 349 monitor ports, each holding a 37-mm-diameter, cellulose acetate-nitrate ester (CA) membrane filter with a nominal pore size of 0.8 µm. At a pressure difference of about 130 hPa across the filter cassettes, the total initial air flow rate was 350 m3 h-1 (1.0 m3 h-1 per filter). Investigations into the variability of filter parameters showed that the flow resistance of CA filters is mostly determined by and proportional to their blank mass, with a mean uncertainty of about 5%. Total suspended particulate matter (TSP) was sampled for a total of 50 h using 349 selected filters with a relatively narrow spread in blank mass. The mean TSP mass per filter thus produced was 3.35 mg. Corrected for small differences in blank mass of the filters, the normalised aerosol masses per filter of 96% of the samples exhibited normal distributions with standard deviations of only 2.1 and 3.4%, depending on details of the normalisation procedure. Within the limits of the technique, a variation of aerosol mass with radial distance from the centre of the sampler is not clearly evident. The results provide evidence that the multiport approach allows large batches of particulate matter on filters to be produced in a reliable manner.
ACCESSION #
16184159

 

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