Novel potentiometric immunosensor for determination of diphtheria antigen based on compound nanoparticles and bilayer two-dimensional sol-gel as matrices

Dianping Tang; Ruo Yuan; Yaqin Chai; Yan Liu; Jianyuan Dai; Xia Zhong
February 2005
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Feb2005, Vol. 381 Issue 3, p674
Academic Journal
A novel method for fabrication of a diphtheria potentiometric immunosensor has been developed by means of self-assembling compound nanoparticles to a thiol-containing sol-gel network. A cleaned gold electrode was first immersed in a 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane (MPS) sol-gel solution to assemble a silica sol-gel monolayer. The silane entities were then polymerized into a two-dimensional sol-gel network (2D network) by dipping into aqueous NaOH. The second silane layer was formed by re-immersion in the MPS sol-gel solution overnight. The compound nanoparticles (nanocompounds) containing gold nanoparticles and silver nanoparticles were then chemisorbed on to the thiol groups of the second silane layer. Finally, diphtheria antibody (anti-Diph) was adsorbed on to the surface of the compound nanoparticles. The modified process was characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV). Detection is based on the change in the potentiometric response before and after the antigen-antibody reaction. A direct potentiometric response to diphtheria antigen (Diph) was obtained from the immobilized diphtheria antibody. The potentiometric response of the resulting immunosensor was rapid and the linear range was from 22 to 800 ng mL-1 with the linear regression equation ?E=-79.5+69.4 log [Diph] and a detection limit of 3.7 ng mL-1 (at 3d). Up to 19 successive assay cycles with retention of sensitivity were achieved for probes regenerated with 0.2 mol L-1 glycine-hydrochloric acid (Gly-HCl) buffer solution. Moreover, analytical results from several serum samples obtained using the developed technique were in satisfactory agreement with those given by the ELISA method, implying a promising alternative approach for detecting diphtheria antigen in clinical diagnosis.


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