TITLE

Anti-GM-CSF antibodies in paediatric pulmonary alveolar proteinosis

AUTHOR(S)
Latzin, P.; Tredano, M.; Wüst, Y.; de Blic, J.; Nicolai, T.; Bewig, B.; Stanzel, F.; Köhler, D.; Bohuau, M.; Griese, M.
PUB. DATE
January 2005
SOURCE
Thorax;Jan2005, Vol. 60 Issue 1, p39
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Auto-antibodies against granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) may be central to the pathogenesis of adult sporadic pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). The role of anti- GM-CSF auto-antibodies in paediatric farms of PAP is as yet unclear. Methods: Anti-GM-CSF auto-antibodies were determined with the help of an antigen capture assay using serum and/or bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid from 27 patients with PAP (nine adults, 15 children, three neonates) and from 185 children with different diseases as disease controls (various pulmonary conditions and patients with malignancies). Results: Anti-GM-CSF auto-antibodies were detected in the serum of five of seven adult PAP patients. They were not found in the serum of any of the children or neonates with PAP nor in any of the disease control patients. Raised anti-GM-CSF titres were found in BAL fluid from three of four adult patients with PAP. Anti- GM-CSF auto-antibodies were detected in BAL fluid of only one of the 15 children (age at diagnosis 11 years, age at BAL 24 years) and in none of the neonates with PAP, nor in any of the disease control patients. Conclusions: The presence of anti-GM-CSF auto-antibodies seems to define an autoimmune disease underlying most of the adult sporadic type of PAP, but age at diagnosis may cause an overlap with children in some rare instances. In most of the children and all of the neonates the anti-GM-CSF titres were not significantly increased, indicating that alternative explanations are needed for the pathogenesis of the disease in these patients.
ACCESSION #
16163704

 

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