Regulatory CD4+CD25+ cells reverse imbalances in the T cell pool of bone marrow transplanted TG∊26 mice leading to the prevention of colitis

Veltkamp, C.; Sartor, R. B.; Giese, T.; Autschbach, F.; Kaden, I.; Veltkamp, R.; Rost, D.; Kallinowski, B.; Stremmel, W.
February 2005
Gut;Feb2005, Vol. 54 Issue 2, p207
Academic Journal
Background and aims: Erroneous thymic selection of developing T lymphocytes may be responsible for the expansion of self reactive T cells or may contribute to the absence of regulatory T cells important in controlling peripheral inflammatory processes. Colitis in bone marrow (BM) transplanted Tg∊26 mice is induced by abnormally activated T cells developing in an aberrant thymic microenvironment. We investigated the protective role of regulatory CD4+CD25+ T cells in this model. Methods: BM from (C57B1/6 × CBA/J) F1 mice was transplanted into specific pathogen free Tg∊26 mice (BM→Tg∊26). Transplanted mice received no cells (control), sorted CD4+CD25+, or CD4+CD25+ cells from mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) of normal mice. MLN cell subsets were analysed using membrane markers. Cytokine secretion of MIN cells was measured using intracellular cytokine staining and cytokine secretion in anti-CD3 stimulated cell cultures. Colitis was measured by histological scores. Results: CD4+CD25- cells were reduced in the MINs of BM=→Tg∊26 mice. Transfer of regulatory CD4+CD25+ but not of CD4+CD25+ cells reduced the number of MIN CD4+ T cells in BM=→Tg∊26 recipients and increased the number of MLN CD8+ cells, thereby normalising the CDt/CD8+ ratio. CD4+CD25+ but not CD4+CD25+ cell transfer into BM=→Tg∊26 mice reduced the number of tumour necrosis factor α+ CD+ cells and increased the secretion of transforming growth factor β by MIN cells. Transfer of 3 × 105 CD4+CD25+ cells after BM transplantation into Tg∊26 mice prevented colitis whereas CD4+CD25+ cells had no protective effect. Conclusions: These results suggest that defective selection or induction of regulatory I cells in the abnormal thymus is responsible for the development of colitis in BM=→Tg∊26 mice. Transfer of CD4+CD25+ cells can control intestinal inflammation in BM=→Tg∊26 mice by normalising the number and function of the MIN T cell pool.


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