TITLE

Density-dependent effects of prior residence and behavioural strategy on growth of stocked brown trout (Salmo trutta)

AUTHOR(S)
Brännäs, Eva; Jonsson, Sara; Brännäs, Kurt
PUB. DATE
October 2004
SOURCE
Canadian Journal of Zoology;Oct2004, Vol. 82 Issue 10, p1638
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
When animals face temporally periods of strong intraspecific competition, prior residency, available resources, and their competitive abilities in terms of size and behavioural strategy affect their chances of survival. Density, individual size, and behavioural strategy had the strongest effect on growth. The mean growth rate of both resident and intruding brown trout (Salmo trutta L., 1758) decreased with increasing density, and the largest individuals were the most successful ones independently of the density of prior residency. An aggressive behavioural factor was beneficial at the lowest and intermediate densities, whereas a nonaggressive behavioural factor was beneficial at higher densities. Prior residency had no overall significant effect on growth, as the effect was highly density-dependent. The difference in growth rate between introduced and resident individuals was significant only at high density and low food abundance per individual. The intruders had a significantly lower growth rate at high densities and fewer individuals had a high growth rate. These results suggest that stocking fish at densities exceeding the carrying capacity of the habitat results in fewer individuals that are able to compete for resources than if fewer individuals were stocked. Brood stock can then be used in a more efficient way.
ACCESSION #
16158276

 

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