TITLE

Hepatitis B Antigen and Antibody in Heroin Users

AUTHOR(S)
Blanck, Ronald R.; Ream, Norman; Conrad, Marcel
PUB. DATE
February 1979
SOURCE
American Journal of Gastroenterology;Feb1979, Vol. 71 Issue 2, p164
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and antibody (anti-HBsAg) were determined on 442 asymptomatic heroin users and 246 controls. Of the drug-taking group, 124 used heroin intravenously and 318 nonintravenously (smoking, sniffing). Twenty-three (5.2% ) heroin users were HBsAg positive and 118 (26.7% ) anti-HBsAg positive, compared to three (1.2% ) HBsAg positive and 28 (11.4% ) anti-HBsAg positive controls, both statistically significant. HBsAg was positive in eight (6.5%) intravenous heroin users and statistically identical to 15 (4.7%) HBsAg positive nonintravenous users. Positive anti-HBsAg in 55 (44.4% ) intravenous heroin users compared to 63 (19.8%) nonintravenous users, however, is statistically significant.
ACCESSION #
16133776

 

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