Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome: a series of 13 patients operated with a mean follow-up of 4.5 years

Marchal, Frederic; Bresler, Laurent; Brunaud, Laurent; Adler, Stephane Collinet; Sebbag, Hugues; Tortuyaux, Jean-Michel; Boissel, Patrick
July 2001
International Journal of Colorectal Disease;Jul2001, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p228
Academic Journal
Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS) is an infrequent pathology often associated with pelvic floor disorders. The aim of this retrospective study was to review the long-term results of a surgical series of SRUS. Between 1988 and 1998, 13 patients were operated on for SRUS. Seven patients had associated internal rectal prolapse (58%), two had associated total rectal prolapse (15%), and two had associated mucosal prolapse (15%). We performed simple resection of the SRUS in one case (8%), a stoma as primary operation in one (8%), three rectopexies according to Orr-Loygue (23%), and eight Delorme's operations as modified by Berman (62%). Mean follow-up was 57 months (range 15–112). Simple resection of the solitary rectal ulcer syndrome did not improve symptoms. Colostomy permitted relief of symptoms and healing of the SRUS. Two of the three rectopexies achieved good results, and the third patient relapsed at the 6th postoperative month. A secondary modified Delorme's operation permitted relief of symptoms and healing of the SRUS. Five of the eight patients (62.5%) who received modified Delorme's operations had improved at a follow-up of 46 months. We conclude that, considering the high failure rate after surgery, operations should be performed only in patients with total rectal prolapse or intractable symptoms not amenable to behavioral therapy. Delorme's operation and abdominal rectopexy help in about 60% of cases.


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