TITLE

Effect of Intragastric or Intraduodenal Administration of a Polymeric Diet on Gallbladder Motility, Small-Bowel Transit Time, and Hormone Release

AUTHOR(S)
Ledeboer, Michiel; Masclee, A. M.; Biemond, Izäk; Lamers, Cornelis B.H.W.
PUB. DATE
November 1998
SOURCE
American Journal of Gastroenterology;Nov1998, Vol. 93 Issue 11, p2089
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objective: During postpyloric tube feeding, GI intolerance is observed more frequently than during prepyloric feeding, possibly by evoking a stronger GI response. Methods: We investigated the effect of intragastric and intraduodenal administration of a polymeric diet (125 kcal/h) on gallbladder motility (by ultrasonography), duodeno-cecal transit time (by lactulose H2 breath test), and GI hormone release (including cholecystokinin, pancreatic polypeptide, and gastrin). Six healthy subjects (two male, four female; mean age 22 yr, range 18-27 yr) were studied on two separate occasions in random order during 6 h of continuous administration of the diet through either the gastric or duodenal port of a two-lumen tube. Results: Intraduodenal feeding resulted in a more rapid contraction of the gallbladder, from 32 ± 4 to 23 ± 4 cm³ at 10 min (p < 0.05), reaching a minimum of 6 ± 1 cm³, in contrast to intragastric feeding (31 ± 4 to 19 ± 3 cm³ at 60 min, p < 0.05; minimum 14 ± 1 cm³). The gallbladder remained contracted during the 6-h study period during both intraduodenal and intragastric feeding. Small-bowel transit time was significantly accelerated during intraduodenal compared with intragastric feeding (51 ± 12 vs 81 ± 9 min; p = 0.003). Plasma cholecystokinin secretion was significantly (p < 0.05) increased during intraduodenal compared with intragastric feeding (848 ± 107 vs 279 ± 89 pmol ⋅ L-1 ⋅ 360 min). The same was true for pancreatic polypeptide secretion. However, gastrin release was significantly (p < 0.05) higher during intragastric feeding. Conclusions: Intraduodenal feeding elicited a stronger GI response than intragastric feeding, as demonstrated by accelerated small-bowel transit time, more rapid and stronger gallbladder contractions, and increased cholecystokinin a...
ACCESSION #
16074154

 

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