TITLE

The Association Between Antral G and D Cells and Mucosal Inflammation, Atrophy, and Helicobacter pylori Infection in Subjects With Normal Mucosa, Chronic Gastritis, and Duodenal Ulcer

AUTHOR(S)
Kamada, Tomoari; Haruma, Ken; Kawaguchi, Hiroyuki; Yoshihara, Masaharu; Sumii, Koji; Kajiyama, Goro
PUB. DATE
May 1998
SOURCE
American Journal of Gastroenterology;May1998, Vol. 93 Issue 5, p748
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objective: The aim of this study was to clarify the mechanism of inappropriate hypergastrinemia in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-infected subjects. Methods: We measured fasting serum gastrin (SG) concentrations, and investigated immunohistochemically G and D cell numbers in 47 subjects with normal mucosa, 24 subjects with chronic gastritis, and 24 subjects with duodenal ulcer (DU). The degree of inflammation and atrophy were classified into four categories based on criteria established in the Sydney System: none, mild, moderate, and severe. Avidin-biotin complex methods were used to identify G and D cells, which were counted per unit square (0.25 mm²) in five random fields from each of two well-oriented antral and fundic biopsies. SG concentrations were measured by radioimmunoassay. Results: The G cell number was not significantly different between 24 subjects with H. pylori-associated gastritis and those with DU. However, the number of antral D cells was significantly lower and the G/D cell ratio was significantly higher in subjects with DU than in those with H. pylori-associated gastritis (p < 0.01), although the degree of inflammation and atrophy in the antrum and H. pylori status were similar between the two groups. The mean fasting SG concentration was higher in subjects with DU than in those with H. pylori-associated gastritis, but the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that a marked decrease in antral D cell number with a high G/D cell ratio may contribute to hypergastrinemia and the pathogenesis of DU.
ACCESSION #
16070916

 

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