TITLE

Sociodemographic and Lifestyle Factors Associated With Constipation in an Elderly Asian Community

AUTHOR(S)
Wong, M. L.; Wee, Sharon; Chia Hwee Pin; Goh Lee Gan; Hong Ching Ye
PUB. DATE
May 1999
SOURCE
American Journal of Gastroenterology;May1999, Vol. 94 Issue 5, p1283
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVE: We surveyed elderly individuals in an Asian community to determine the prevalence of constipation and its association with sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. This information will be used to plan a health promotion program for the elderly. METHODS: A random sample of 2807 residents aged ≥ 60 yr in Singapore were interviewed in their homes, using a standardized questionnaire. The response rate was 87.4% (n = 2454). RESULTS: The overall age- and gender-adjusted prevalence rate of functional constipation was 11.6 per 100 persons (95% confidence interval [CI], 11.4-11.7). There were no gender or ethnic differences in constipation rates. Increased rates of constipation were significantly associated with advancing age. We found a significant dose-response relationship of increased constipation rates with decreased intake of rice, increased intake of Chinese tea, and number of chronic illnesses and medications, after controlling for potential confounders. Constipation was also significantly associated with lower intake of fruits and vegetables, but no dose-response gradient was seen. CONCLUSIONS: Patients taking many medications should be monitored for constipation and given advice to avoid constipating factors. Further studies are needed to establish the causal-effect relationship of rice and Chinese tea with constipation.
ACCESSION #
16070856

 

Related Articles

  • Smooth moves.  // Natural Health;Jul/Aug2005, Vol. 35 Issue 7, p100 

    The article presents information on measures to prevent occasional constipation. An active lifestyle and a diet loaded with fresh produce, whole grains, and plenty of water can help to prevent occasional constipation. In a Canadian study, adults who added flaxseed to their diets for a month had...

  • CONSTIPATION--a common problem. Richards, Sara // Practice Nurse;9/10/2004, Vol. 28 Issue 4, p42 

    Provides information on risks associated with constipation. Factors that should be considered before the treatment for constipation can be prescribed; Causes of constipation; Assessment of constipation in babies and children; General treatment options.

  • The Effect of Bran on Bowel Function in Constipation. Graham, David Y.; Moser, Scott E.; Estes, Mary K. // American Journal of Gastroenterology;Sep1982, Vol. 77 Issue 9, p599 

    Bran is widely used to treat a variety of gastrointestinal disorders. With few exceptions, investigative work has focused on the effect of bran in normal subjects. Despite its widespread use, there have been no systematic studies of bran in constipation. Wheat bran is the "gold standard''...

  • Bowel Habit Reference Values and Abnormalities in Young Iranian Healthy Adults. Peyman Adibi; Ebrahim Behzad; Shahryar Pirzadeh; Masood Mohseni // Digestive Diseases & Sciences;Aug2007, Vol. 52 Issue 8, p1810 

    Abstract  The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of self-reported, ROME II–defined constipation and determine the average defecation frequency and stool types in the Iranian population. A self-reported questionnaire was distributed to 1045...

  • Psychological Evaluation of Patients with Severe Idiopathic Constipation: Which Instrument to Use. Wald, Arnold; Bargio, Kathryn; Holeva, Karen; Locher, Julie // American Journal of Gastroenterology;Aug1992, Vol. 87 Issue 8, p977 

    We prospectively evaluated 38 patients with chronic severe idiopathic constipation who failed to respond to conventional therapy. Colonic transit studies, the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (SCL-90-R), and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) were completed. Colonic transit studies...

  • Intestinal Gas Retention in Patients with Idiopathic Slow-Transit Constipation. Ana Hernando-Harder; Andreas Franke; Thilo Wedel; Martina Böttner; Heinz-Juergen Krammer; Manfred Vincenz Singer; Hermann Harder // Digestive Diseases & Sciences;Oct2007, Vol. 52 Issue 10, p2667 

    Abstract  Patients with slow-transit constipation (STC) have delayed colonic transit for solid und liquid bowel contents but intestinal gas handling has not been studied so far. Different nutrients influence motor and sensory gut function. We hypothesized that, in patients with...

  • RED FLAG SYMPTOMS Constipation. Croton, Lizzie // GP: General Practitioner;2/20/2009, p41 

    The article discusses the symptoms of constipation. Constipation is an extremely common problem seen by most general practitioners (GP). In determining its symptoms, a drug history is important, including both prescribed and over-the-counter (OTC) medications. It is important that patients...

  • Three steps to better management of constipation. Merli, Geno J.; Graham, Mark G.; D'Epiro, Peter // Patient Care;Jun2003, Vol. 37 Issue 6, p37 

    Presents a three-step management plan for the management of constipation. Procedures for evaluation; Maintenance of adequate hydration and fiber intake; Pharmacologic therapy to maintain colonic function; Recommended colonic irritants and stimulants. INSET: This article at a glance.

  • Clinical: Red flag symptoms - Constipation. Singh, Pipin // GP: General Practitioner;6/24/2011, p41 

    The article presents information related to constipation. It has been stated that it is incomplete passage of hard stools that could be associated with straining, palpable faeces in the rectum and/or a sensation of incomplete defecation. It has been stated that poor intake of fibre and age could...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics