Optical investigation of electronic states of Mn4+ ions in p-type GaN

Han, B.; Wessels, B. W.; Ulmer, M. P.
January 2005
Applied Physics Letters;1/24/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 4, p042505
Academic Journal
The electronic states of manganese in p-type GaN are investigated using photoluminescence (PL) and photoluminescence excitation (PLE) spectroscopies. A series of sharp PL lines at 1.0 eV is observed in codoped GaN and attributed to the intra d-shell transition 4T2(F)-4T1(F) of Mn4+ ions. PLE spectrum of the Mn4+ [4T2(F)-4T1(F)] luminescence reveals intracenter excitation processes via the excited states of Mn4+ ions. PLE peaks observed at 1.79 and 2.33 eV are attributed to the intra-d-shell 4T1(P)-4T1(F) and 4A2(F)-4T1(F) transitions of Mn4+, respectively. In addition to the intrashell excitation processes, a broad PLE band involving charge-transfer transition of the Mn4+/3+ deep level is observed, which is well described by the Lucovsky model. As determined from the onset of this PLE band, the position of the Mn4+/3+ deep level is 1.11 eV above the valence band maximum, which is consistent with prior theory using ab initio calculations. Our work indicates 4+ is the predominant oxidation state of Mn ions in p-type GaN:Mn when the Fermi energy is lower than 1.11 eV above the valence band maximum.


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