Wright, Darlene R.; Fitzpatrick, Kevin M.
December 2004
Adolescence;Winter2004, Vol. 39 Issue 156, p653
Academic Journal
Cross-sectional data were collected on substance use behaviors and potential correlates in 1,494 African American students enrolled in grades 5-12 in eight schools in a central Alabama school district. Using a risk and asset framework, self-reported recent alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use were analyzed by identifying and measuring levels of influence, including individual, family, and school. For alcohol and marijuana use, recurrent risk factors were age, being hit by a parent, affiliation with gangs, and a tolerant attitude of peers toward drug use. For cigarette use, risk factors were peer-oriented: associations with gangs or cohorts holding lenient attitudes about substance use. For all substances, salient asset factors were academic achievement and parental monitoring. Findings suggest that efforts to reduce substance use behaviors should be directed at adolescents in terms of academic achievement and grade level as well as their social environments. For the latter, peer/family risks and family/school assets should be the foci for programs to minimize the short- and long-term consequences of these behaviors. Hence, the emphasis should be placed on modeling attitudes, preventing gang and family violence, encouraging parental supervision, and building positive teacher-student interactions.


Related Articles

  • Peer Pressure Protection. Meyerhoff, Michael K. // Pediatrics for Parents;1999, Vol. 18 Issue 7, p8 

    Discusses how parents can protect their teenage children from peer pressure.

  • "Inside City Hall"  // Munday Courier (TX);4/9/2008, Vol. 35 Issue 18, p5 

    The article comments on various issues relevant to peer pressure and parenting for teenagers in the U.S.

  • Moderating and Mediating Effects of Parental Monitoring and Peer Activity Contexts. Kiesner, Jeff; Poulin, Fran├žois; Dishion, Thomas J. // Merrill-Palmer Quarterly;Oct2010, Vol. 56 Issue 4, p529 

    The influence of using substances with friends on future individual use was examined in the context of parental monitoring rules and the ecology of peer activities. A 1-year longitudinal study design included a combined sample of North Italian and French Canadian adolescents (N = 285, 53% girls,...

  • Peer effects on substance use among American teenagers. Kawaguchi, Daiji // Journal of Population Economics;Jun2004, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p351 

    The widespread use of illicit substances by American teenagers has attracted the interest of both the general public and academic researchers. Among the various factors that people believe influence youth substance use, peer effects are identified as a critical determinant. Identifying peer...

  • THE UPSIDE OF ARGUMENTS.  // Good Housekeeping;Jul2012, Vol. 255 Issue 1, p87 

    The article discusses a study by researcher Joseph Allen and team on the likelihood of teenagers who argue and debate with their parents to be persuaded by peer pressure to use alcohol or drugs.

  • The social context of substance use among African American youth: Rural, urban, and suburban... Dawkins, Marvin P. // Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education;Spring96, Vol. 41 Issue 3, p68 

    Compares substance abuse perceptions and behavior of African American youth in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan settings. Early substance use and peer influence as major determinants of late substance use; Differences in the prediction of alcohol and marijuana use within social context.

  • PEER GROUPS AND SUBSTANCE USE: EXAMINING THE DIRECT AND INTERACTIVE EFFECT OF LEISURE ACTIVITY. Thorlindsson, Thorolfur; Bernburg, Jon Gunnar // Adolescence;Summer2006, Vol. 41 Issue 162, p321 

    This paper explores the relationships among adolescent leisure activities, peer behavior, and substance use. We suggest that peer group interaction can have a differentia] effect on adolescent deviant behavior depending on the type of leisure pattern adolescents engage in. We analyze data from a...

  • Socio-Demographic Variability in Adolescent Substance Use: Mediation by Parents and Peers. Wang, Jing; Simons-Morton, Bruce G.; Farhart, Tilda; Luk, Jeremy W. // Prevention Science;Dec2009, Vol. 10 Issue 4, p387 

    The current study examined socio-demographic variability in adolescent substance use and the mediating roles of maternal knowledge, paternal knowledge and peer substance use. The data were obtained from the United States records (N = 8,795) of the Health Behavior in School-Aged Children...

  • The Teen Years.  // Hinduism Today;Jan-Mar2009, Vol. 31 Issue 1, pI13 

    The article focuses on the lives of teenagers. It mentions that teenagers go through a major individuation process while exploring the world away from their parents. Teenage years are said to be the time when teenagers rebel as they test parental values. Teenagers also go through peer pressures...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics