Ocular morbidity and fuel use: an experience from India

Saha, A.; Kulkarni, P. K.; Shah, A.; Patel, M.; Saiyed, H. N.
January 2005
Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Jan2005, Vol. 62 Issue 1, p66
Academic Journal
The association of fuel use and ocular morbidity in a village in western India was investigated in a cross sectional prevalence survey involving 469 randomly selected subjects. All subjects were interviewed and underwent medical and ophthalmological examination. Wood use was found to be an important factor in the aetiology of age dependent cataract (OR 2.12, 95% CI 1.03-4.34). When comparing wood only and LPG only users, the odds ratio was 3.47 (95% CI 1.05-11.50). In cases of eye irritation, coal use (OR 2.04, 95% CI 1.13-3.68) and cattle dung use (OR 1.83, 95% CI 1.35-2.47) were shown to be important factors, while male sex posed a lesser risk.


Related Articles

  • Pterygium: are we any closer to the cause? Chen, Jern; Maqsood, Sundas; Kaye, Stephen; Tey, Adrian; Ahmad, Sajjad // British Journal of Ophthalmology;Apr2014, Vol. 98 Issue 4, p423 

    The author reflects on research which has investigated the cause of pterygium of the eye, which refers to an abnormal wing-like growth which is seen most commonly on the conjunctiva and cornea. He suggests that research has found that pterygium appears to be an ophthalmoheliosis or sun-related...

  • Contact Lens Wear and Secondary Complications: Clinical Management. Khan, Y. Ali // Eye Care Review;Feb2008, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p57 

    The article discusses issues related to wearing of contact lenses, including possible secondary complications. The author points out that one of the most common issues facing wearers is epithelial erosion, which results from abrasions caused by a break in the epithelial layer involving...

  • Eyelid and Eyelid Margin Disorders. Doughty, Michael J. // Optometry Today;9/17/2010, Vol. 50 Issue 18, p36 

    The article focuses on eyelid and eyelid margin disorders. It discusses the aetiology of eyelid and eyelid margin abnormalities. It relates the legislation in Great Britain pertinent to management of eyelid and eyelid margin abnormalities. It discusses the eyelid margin hygiene technique which...

  • Ocular motor nerve palsy: A clinical and etiological study. Mwanza, Jean-Claude; Ngweme, Georgette B.; Kayembe, David L. // Indian Journal of Ophthalmology;Sep2006, Vol. 54 Issue 3, p173 

    Purpose: To clinically describe cases of ocular motor nerve palsy and to determine the possible causes. Materials and Methods: Thirty-one consecutive patients with ocular motor nerve palsies were investigated. All underwent complete ophthalmological, as well as neurological,...

  • Study provides data on glaucoma incidence, progression. Groves, Nancy; Mitchell, Paul // Ophthalmology Times;9/15/2006, Vol. 31 Issue 18, p57 

    The article reports on a ten-year data on the incidence and progression of glaucoma in an elderly population gathered by researchers from Fort Lauderdale, Florida. While shedding light on the particular population group under study in an Australian community, the data will also be useful in...

  • Contact Lens-Induced Acute Red Eye Response (CLARE).  // Review of Optometry;1/15/2008 Corneal Atlas Supplement, Vol. 145, p5 

    The article offers information on contact lens-induced acute red eye response (CLARE) condition. It relates that CLARE is an inflammatory reaction of the cornea and conjunctiva due to an endotoxin release by Gram-negative bacteria colonizing the contact lens surface. Moreover, it discusses the...

  • Contact Lens-Induced Peripheral Ulcer.  // Review of Optometry;1/15/2008 Corneal Atlas Supplement, Vol. 145, p6 

    The article offers information on contact lens-induced peripheral ulcer (CLPU) condition in the cornea. According to the histological studies of CLPU in human, they are characterized as small, round, singular lesions composed of subepithelial and anterior stromal infiltrates with overlying...

  • Kidney and eye diseases: common risk factors, etiological mechanisms, and pathways. Wong, Chee Wai; Wong, Tien Yin; Cheng, Ching-Yu; Sabanayagam, Charumathi // Kidney International;Jun2014, Vol. 85 Issue 6, p1290 

    Chronic kidney disease is an emerging health problem worldwide. The eye shares striking structural, developmental, and genetic pathways with the kidney, suggesting that kidney disease and ocular disease may be closely linked. A growing number of studies have found associations of chronic kidney...

  • An Overview of Retinal Artery Occlusion. Gurwood, Andrew S.; Myers, Marc D. // Review of Optometry;Nov2009 Retinal Disease Supplement, p6 

    The article presents medical study which examines the epidemiological aspects of retinal artery occlusion. The study found that the causative factors affecting the systemic disease and behaviors include cardiovascular disease, subacute bacterial endocarditis, corticosteroid injection and...


Read the Article


Sign out of this library

Other Topics