Pharmacological characterization of the P2X7 receptor on human macrophages using the patch-clamp technique

Eschke, Dagmar; Wüst, Melinda; Hauschildt, Sunna; Nieber, Karen
February 2002
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology;Feb2002, Vol. 365 Issue 2, p168
Academic Journal
Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were made from macrophages derived from human monocytes that had been cultured for 5–7 days. The P2X agonists ATP (100 µM) and 2′,3′-(4-benzoyl)-benzoyl ATP (BzATP, 100 µM) induced inward currents. A second application of the agonists was characterized by strong desensitisation of the maximum current. Pyridoxal phosphate-6-azophenyl-2′,4′-disulphonic acid (PPADS), a non-specific P2X antagonist, and 1-(N,O-bis[5-isoquinolinesulphonyl]-N-methyl-L-tyrosyl)-4-phenylpiperazine (KN62), a potent P2X7 antagonist at the human receptor, both reduced the ATP-induced inward current. KN62 also inhibited the BzATP-induced current. The P2X7 antagonist Coomassie Brilliant Blue G (BBG), believed to be potent at the human but even more so potent at the rat receptor, did not reduce the BzATP-induced inward current significantly. These results indicate that the native P2X7 receptor subtype is expressed in human macrophages and that this receptor subtype is involved in the ATP-mediated inward current. Our experiments suggest that other P2X receptors also appear to be involved in the ATP-mediated current in human monocyte-derived macrophages.


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