TITLE

PPARs: transcriptional effectors of fatty acids and their derivatives

AUTHOR(S)
Hihi, A. K.; Michalik, L.; Wahli, W.
PUB. DATE
May 2002
SOURCE
Cellular & Molecular Life Sciences;May2002, Vol. 59 Issue 5, p790
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear hormone receptors that mediate the effects of fatty acids and their derivatives at the transcriptional level. These receptors stimulate transcription after activation by their cognate ligand and binding to the promoter of target genes. In this review, we discuss how fatty acids affect PPAR functions in the cell. We first describe the structural features of the ligand binding domains of PPARs, as defined by crystallographic analyses. We then present the ligand-binding characteristics of each of the three PPARs (α, β/δ, γ) and relate ligand activation to various cellular processes: (i) fatty acid catabolism and modulation of the inflammatory response for PPARα, (ii) embryo implantation, cell proliferation and apoptosis for PPARβ, and (iii) adipocytic differentiation, monocytic differentiation and cell cycle withdrawal for PPARγ. Finally, we present possible cross-talk between the PPAR pathway and different endocrine routes within the cell, including the thyroid hormone and retinoid pathways.
ACCESSION #
15728420

 

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