Acute anterior myocardial infarction as first manifestation of acute myeloid leukemia

Jachmann-Jahn, U.; Cornely, O. A.; Laufs, U.; Höpp, H. W.; Meuthen, I.; Krakau, M.; O'Brien, B.; Höpp, H W
November 2001
Annals of Hematology;Nov2001, Vol. 80 Issue 11, p677
Academic Journal
journal article
A 42-year-old man was admitted with heavy retrosternal pain lasting 30 min. Electrocardiography showed typical signs of acute anterior myocardial infarction. The patient reported only attacks of coughing for a couple of days, and no serious diseases. The physical examination was normal. Laboratory tests showed a white blood cell count of 45/nl, platelet count of 58/nl, and hemoglobin of 14.4 g/dl. Blood chemistry showed elevated lactic dehydrogenase (413 U/l) but no elevation in creatine phosphokinase or glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase. Therefore no thrombolysis was administered, but coronary angiography was performed. This showed a long-distance, subtotal thrombotic occlusion of the left anterior descending artery. After percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and implantation of serial stents a normal perfusion of the artery was observed. The patient's blood and bone marrow films revealed acute myeloid leukemia FAB M2. Various conditions can cause a myocardial infarction in leukemias. We discuss the clinical management and the possible reasons for a subtotal thrombotic occlusion of the coronary artery.


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