The von Willebrand factor collagen-binding activity assay: clinical application

Kallas, A.; Talpsep, T.
August 2001
Annals of Hematology;Aug2001, Vol. 80 Issue 8, p466
Academic Journal
A collagen type III based collagen-binding assay was developed for measuring the functional activity of the von Willebrand factor. The assay had a low coefficient of variance (4.8%) for normal values under optimized conditions. The results of the collagen-binding activity (CBA) assay correlated with ristocetin cofactor activity tested in normal plasma samples (n=29). We found that the CBA of blood group O is lower than that of other blood groups. The test was used for the diagnosis of von Willebrand's disease (VWD) and for estimating the response to treatment with DDAVP (1-deamino-D-arginine-8 vasopressin) and factor VIII concentrate. A mean ratio of VWF antigen (VWF:Ag) to CBA of 1.5 indicated type 1 and of 2.7 indicated type 2 VWD. The increase in the collagen-binding activity of VWF released in type 1 VWD patients (n=7) after treatment with DDAVP was higher than the increase in the VWF antigen; this is characteristic of very high multimers with greater functional activity. Factor VIII concentrate Koate-HP (Bayer) administered to a patient with VWD type 3 had a mean residence time of 12.6 h for VWF:Ag and 11.2 h for CBA. These findings suggest that the collagen-binding assay is a useful test for measuring the functional activity of VWF in plasma samples, factor VIII concentrates, as well as for estimating the outcome of treatment.


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