Orientation-dependent x-ray absorption fine structure of ZnO nanorods

Han, S.-W.; Yoo, H.-J.; An, Sung Jin; Yoo, Jinkyoung; Yi, Gyu-Chul
January 2005
Applied Physics Letters;1/10/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 2, p021917
Academic Journal
The local structure of two samples of vertically well-aligned ZnO nanorods with average diameters of 13 and 37 nm were studied using orientation-dependent x-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) at the Zn K edge. The aligned ZnO nanorod samples were fabricated on sapphire (0001) substrates with a catalyst-free metalorganic vapor-phase epitaxy method. The XAFS measurements showed that both nanorod samples have a well-ordered wurtzite structure and that no vacancy was observed at either site of zinc or oxygen atoms. However, we found that in both samples the lattice constants of a and b were shrunken by ∼0.04 Å while c was elongated by ∼0.1 Å, compared with those of their bulk counterparts. Furthermore, there was a substantial amount of disorder in the bond length of the only Zn–O pairs located near the ab plane. This may suggest that the terminating atoms at the boundaries of the nanorods are oxygen atoms.


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