Surface morphology control of strained InAs/GaAs(331)A films: From nanowires to island-pit pairs

Gong, Z.; Niu, Z. C.; Fang, Z. D.; Miao, Z. H.; Feng, S. L.
January 2005
Applied Physics Letters;1/3/2005, Vol. 86 Issue 1, p013104
Academic Journal
We have studied the effect of molecular beam epitaxy growth conditions on the surface morphology of strained InAs/GaAs(331)A films. Our results reveal that InAs nanowires aligned along the [110] direction are lbrmed under As-rich conditions, which is explained by the effect of anisotropic buffer layer surface roughing. Under In-rich conditions, however, the surface morphology of the InAs layers is characterized by a feature of island-pit pairs. In this case, cooperative nucleation of islands and pits can lower the activation harrier for domain growth. These results suggest that the surface morphology of strained InAs layers is highly controllable.


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