TITLE

Language and National Identity: Amharic in Ethiopia

AUTHOR(S)
Fellman, Jack
PUB. DATE
March 1992
SOURCE
Research in African Literatures;Spring1992, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p173
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The article presents an overview of language and national identity in Ethiopia. Amharic, the African-Semitic language, which is Ethiopia's national tongue, although spoken by only 40 per cent of the population, has unquestionably been the dominant language of historic Abyssinia from the early Middle Ages, following the demise of the Axumite Empire. To symbolize the unique status of Amharic, Article 125 of Ethiopia's 1955 constitution, declared it the official language of the Empire, and in 1972 the Imperial Academy of the Amharic language was established to consolidate its position. However, the 1974 Revolution changed this language policy, and the wealth of tongues in the country was officially recognized.
ACCESSION #
15515917

 

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