Reoperative Fundoplications Are Effective Treatment for Dysphagia and Recurrent Gastroesophageal Reflux

Rosemurgy, Alexander S.; Arnaoutakis, Dean J.; Thometz, Donald P.; Binitie, Odion; Giarelli, Natalie B.; Bloomston, Mark; Goldin, Steve G.; Albrink, Michael H.
December 2004
American Surgeon;Dec2004, Vol. 70 Issue 12, p1061
Academic Journal
With wide application of antireflux surgery, reoperations for failed fundoplications are increasingly seen. This study was undertaken to document outcomes after reoperative fundoplications. Sixty-four patients, 26 men and 38 women, of average age 55 years ± 15.6 (SD), underwent reoperative antireflux surgery between 1992 and 2003. Fundoplicatiori prior to reoperation had been undertaken via celiotomy in 27 and laparoscopically in 37. Both before and after reoperative antireflux surgery, patients scored their reflux and dysphagia on a Likert Scale (0 = none, 10 = continuous). Reoperation was undertaken because of dysphagia in 16 per cent, recurrent reflux in 52 per cent (median DeMeester Score 52), or both in 27 per cent. Failure leading to reoperation was due to hiatal failure in 28 per cent, wrap failure in 19 per cent, both in 33 per cent, and slipped Nissen fundoplication in 20 per cent. Laparoscopic reoperations were completed in 49 of 54 patients (91%); 15 had reoperations undertaken via celiotomy. Eighty-eight per cent of reoperations were Nissen fundoplications. With reoperation, Dysphagia Scores improved from 9.5 ± 0.7 to 2.6 ± 2.8, and Reflux Scores improved from 9.1 ± 1.4 to 1.8 ± 2.7. Seventy-nine per cent of patients with reflux prior to reoperation, 100 per cent with dysphagia, and 74 per cent with both noted excellent or good outcomes after reoperation. We conclude that failure after fundoplication occurs. Reoperations reduce the severity of dysphagia and reflux, thus salvaging excellent and good outcomes in most. Laparoscopic reoperations are generally possible. Reoperative fundoplications are effective treatment for dysphagia and recurrent gastroesophageal reflux, and their application is encouraged.


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