Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi: 18th Century Swiss Educator and Correctional Reformer

Bowers, Fredalene B.; Gehring, Thom
December 2004
Journal of Correctional Education;Dec2004, Vol. 55 Issue 4, p306
Academic Journal
This is the second in a series of articles on famous correctional educators. The first article introduced Mary Carpenter: 19th Century English Correctional Education Hero. (Editor's Note: See the September 2003 Issue for the first article) This article focuses on Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, 18th century Swiss educator. It begins with a summary of Pestalozzi's early life and the experiences that influenced his ideals. The second section identifies Pestalozzi's contributions in practical or industrial education, in literature, in correctional reform and as a humanistic educator. The final section summarizes major components of Pestalozzi's "method" of education, and offers a synthetic conclusion. The authors hope this article can increase readers knowledge of the history of correctional education and the primary leaders in the field.


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