Anxiolytic-like effects of acute and chronic GABA transporter inhibition in rats

Schmitt, U.; Lüddens, H.; Hiemke, C.
May 2002
Journal of Neural Transmission;May2002, Vol. 109 Issue 5/6, p871
Academic Journal
Summary. Acute GABA transporter inhibition can induce anxiolytic-like behaviors. The present analysis addressed whether chronic treatment (23 days via drinking water) with a GABA transporter inhibitor affects rat behavior similar to acute treatment and interferes with additional benzodiazepine-receptor agonistic treatment. Seventy-one rats divided into seven groups were acutely treated with either vehicle, diazepam (2 mg/kg), zolpidem (0.05 mg/kg), tiagabine (19 mg/kg) or chronically with tiagabine with or without acute diazepam or zolpidem. Animals were behaviorally characterized in an elevated plus-maze. None of the treatments induced changes in the activity of the animals. Acute and chronic treatment with tiagabine induced anxiolytic-like effects, similar to acute doses of diazepam. Acute diazepam did not enhance chronic tiagabine effects, whereas acute zolpidem attenuated the anxiolytic-like effects of chronic tiagabine. It is concluded that anxiolytic effects of acute GABA-uptake inhibition by tiagabine persist under chronic treatment and are sensitive to concomitant use of benzodiazepine receptor ligands.


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