TITLE

Magnetic resonance imaging findings in schizophrenia and atypical psychoses

AUTHOR(S)
Hayashi, T.; Hotta, N.; Andoh, T.; Mori, M.; Fukatsu, N.; Suga, H.
PUB. DATE
June 2001
SOURCE
Journal of Neural Transmission;Jun2001, Vol. 108 Issue 6, p695
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Summary. The differences among MRI findings were studied in schizophrenic psychoses. The schizophrenics and atypical psychotics had significant reductions in bilateral hippocampal volumes compared to controls, but the two patient groups did not differ from each other. As for ventricle volume, the schizophrenics showed significantly larger temporal horns and third ventricle than normal controls, whereas atypical psychotics did not. Moreover, the left temporal horn in the schizophrenics was significantly larger than that seen in the atypical psychotics. By cluster analysis, schizophrenics and atypical psychotics were found to have a tendency to be distributed in different groups. These results might be considered to support the classification of schizophrenic psychoses into schizophrenia and atypical psychoses.
ACCESSION #
15394727

 

Related Articles

  • Superior temporal gyrus volume in antipsychotic-naive people at risk of psychosis. Takahashi, Tsutomu; Wood, Stephen J.; Yung, Alison R.; Walterfang, Mark; Phillips, Lisa J.; Soulsby, Bridget; Kawasaki, Yasuhiro; McGorry, Patrick D.; Suzuki, Michio; Velakoulis, Dennis; Pantelis, Christos // British Journal of Psychiatry;Mar2010, Vol. 196 Issue 3, p206 

    Background: Morphological abnormalities of the superior temporal gyrus have been consistently reported in schizophrenia, but the timing of their occurrence remains unclear.Aims: To determine whether individuals exhibit superior temporal gyral changes before the onset of...

  • Altered orbitofrontal sulcogyral pattern in schizophrenia. Motoaki Nakamura; Paul G. Nestor; Robert W. McCarley; James J. Levitt; Lillian Hsu; Toshiro Kawashima; Margaret Niznikiewicz; Martha E. Shenton // Brain: A Journal of Neurology;Mar2007, Vol. 130 Issue 3, p693 

    Orbitofrontal alteration in schizophrenia has not been well characterized, likely due to marked anatomical variability. To investigate the presence of such alterations, we evaluated the sulcogyral pattern of this ‘H-shaped’ sulcus. Fifty patients with schizophrenia (100 hemispheres)...

  • A comparison of academic and lay theories of schizophrenia. Furnham, A.; Bower, P. // British Journal of Psychiatry;Aug92, Vol. 161, p201 

    This study investigated lay subjects' theories of schizophrenia. A questionnaire examining the five identified main academic theories of schizophrenia (medical, moral-behavioural, social, psychoanalytic, and conspiratorial) along various dimensions (aetiology, behaviour, treatment, function of...

  • Behavioural vigilance in schizophrenia. Evidence for hyperattentional processing. Mar, Corinne M.; Smith, David A.; Sarter, Martin; Mar, C M; Smith, D A; Sarter, M // British Journal of Psychiatry;Dec96, Vol. 169, p781 

    Background: Despite 30 years of research, some surprisingly fundamental gaps remain in our understanding of schizophrenic input dysfunctions.Method: In a provisional test of a 'hyperattention' hypothesis, schizophrenic patients and control subjects performed a...

  • Cingulate Volume Abnormalities in Emerging Psychosis. Röthlisberger, Michel; Riecher-Rössler, Anita; Aston, Jacqueline; Fusar-Poli, Paolo; Radü, Ernst-Wilhelm; Borgwardt, Stefan // Current Pharmaceutical Design;2/1/2012, Vol. 18 Issue 4, p495 

    Background Neuroanatomical abnormalities, including cingulate cortex volume abnormalities, are a common feature in psychosis. However, the extent to which these are related to a vulnerability to psychosis, as opposed to the disorder per se, is less certain. Aim und Hypotheses The aim of the...

  • A study of cranial computertomograms in very early and early onset schizophrenia. Badura, F.; Trott, G.-E.; Mehler-Wex, C.; Scheuerpflug, P.; Hofmann, E.; Warmuth-Metz, M.; Nadjmi, M.; Solymosi, L.; Warnke, A. // Journal of Neural Transmission;Nov2001, Vol. 108 Issue 11, p1335 

    Summary. The cranial computer-assisted tomograms of 19 patients suffering from schizophrenic psychoses with onset by age of 14 were examined. The emphasis was on the extent of the inner liquor spaces. Compared to healthy controls, at the beginning of illness a significant enlargement was...

  • Antipsychotic monotherapy and polypharmacy in the naturalistic treatment of schizophrenia with atypical antipsychotics. Faries, Douglas; Ascher-Svanum, Haya; Baojin Zhu; Correll, Christoph; Kane, John // BMC Psychiatry;2005, Vol. 5, p26 

    Background: Antipsychotic monotherapy is recognized as the treatment of choice for patients with schizophrenia. Simultaneous treatment with multiple antipsychotics (polypharmacy) is suggested by some expert consensus guidelines as the last resort after exhausting monotherapy alternatives. This...

  • Preschizophrenics: adding to the evidence, sharpening the focus. Ambelas, Aris; Ambelas, A // British Journal of Psychiatry;Mar92, Vol. 160, p401 

    The notion of a subclinical preschizophrenic condition already present in childhood is given further support by the findings of this follow-back study, which also brings into sharper focus the childhood profile of the likely adult schizophrenic.

  • Attitudes Towards Antipsychotics Among Patients with Schizophrenia on First- or Second-Generation Medications. Karthik, M. S.; Warikoo, Nisha; Chakrabarti, Subho; Grover, Sandeep; Kulhara, Parmanand // Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine;Jul-Sep2014, Vol. 36 Issue 3, p288 

    Background: Given the paucity of research in this area, this study attempted to assess attitudes toward antipsychotic medications and its correlates among patients with schizophrenia, either on first-generation antipsychotics (FGAs) or second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) medications....

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics