Laser writing of semiconductor nanoparticles and quantum dots

Bertino, M. F.; Gadipalli, R. R.; Story, J. G.; Williams, C. G.; Zhang, G.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Tokuhiro, A. T.; Guha, S.; Leventis, N.
December 2004
Applied Physics Letters;12/13/2004, Vol. 85 Issue 24, p6007
Academic Journal
Silica aerogels were patterned with CdS using a photolithographic technique based on local heating with infrared (IR) light. The solvent of silica hydrogels was exchanged with an aqueous solution of the precursors CdNO3 and NH4OH, all precooled to a temperature of 5°C. Half of the bathing solution was then replaced by a thiourea solution. After thiourea diffused into the hydrogels, the samples were exposed to a focused IR beam from a continuous wave, Nd-YAG laser. The precursors reacted in the spots heated by the IR beam to form CdS nanoparticles. We lithographed features with a diameter of about 40 μm, which extended inside the monoliths for up to 4 mm. Samples were characterized with transmission electron microscopy and optical absorption, photoluminescence, and Raman spectroscopies. Spots illuminated by the IR beam were made up by CdS nanoparticles dispersed in a silica matrix. The CdS nanoparticles had a diameter in the 4–6 nm range in samples exposed for 4 min to the IR beam, and of up to 100 nm in samples exposed for 10 min.


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